Pasadena's and Los Angeles earthquake retrofitting, house bolting and foundation repair specialists. In business for over 65 Years!
Is your home prepared for an earthquake?
The tragic loss of innumerable lives is not the only major negative effect of earthquakes; they also cause billions of dollars worth of damage to infrastructure and private land. Even though there's absolutely no such thing as an earthquake-proof structure, it is possible to make your home more immune to earthquakes through seismic retrofit.
Seismic retrofitting is the science of changing existing buildings to make them more immune to rotational action. Seismic retrofitting of vulnerable buildings is important to decrease the risk of damage. It can reduce casualties by protecting the lives and property from those building occupants. Having more retrofitted structures in earthquake-prone communities ensures a quicker recovery from an earthquake.
In most houses, cripple walls, and poor base connections form the weakest structural connections that make the construction prone to fall during an earthquake. Fixing these weak links can provide the home with an superb prospect of remaining standing during a major earthquake. You're able to seismically retrofit your house by bolting the house to its concrete base and bracing the cripple walls with plywood. This technique of seismic retrofitting is known as a bolt and bolt retrofit.
Your home needs a seismic retrofitting, if:
If your house meets all the criteria mentioned previously, you want an earthquake brace bolt seismic retrofit to stop your house from slipping from its base during a significant earthquake.
Let us take a look at these methods for more details.
The method of attaching the home to its concrete base is called foundation bolting. In this method, bolts are added to enhance the relations between the wooden framework of the building and its concrete base. Bolts are added to the bit of wood lying flat on top of the base, called the mudsill, in the concrete. It's essential to use the type of bolt which correctly corresponds to the conditions of the house and its base.
Two types of base bolts are used in foundation bolting-- expansion bolts and epoxy-set bolts.
Expansion bolts: Expansion bolt or mechanical wedge bolt is the basic type of bolt used to attach the mudsill to the concrete foundation. An expansion bolt can be installed by drilling a hole through the mudsill into the concrete, beating the wedge anchor to the hole with a hammer and then tightening the bolt. This type of bolt expands when tightened, and consequently requires a base that is strong enough to withstand the pressure in the expanding bolt tip and can prevent the concrete from cracking. Expansion bolts are inexpensive and simple to install. They are generally installed in houses with newer foundations or houses where the foundation is still in a good, solid condition.
Epoxy bolts: Epoxy bolts work better in older homes where the foundation is weathered and worn out. Unlike expansion bolts, epoxy bolts are procured via adhesion. To put in an epoxy bolt, first, drill holes together with the required depth into the concrete. To optimize adhesion, the holes must be cleaned completely, and all of the dust and debris must be removed. Subsequently, epoxy paste is injected into the pockets, along with the epoxy bolts have been set up. After the epoxy paste has dried correctly, the epoxy bolts have been tightened to secure the connection.
Cripple wall bracing
Many pre-1979 houses have a short, wood-framed wall between the house foundation and the base of the first floor of the house. This is known as a cripple wall (also referred to as a pony wall), and it might be anywhere from a few inches to several feet in height, running upwards from the top of the concrete foundation to the base of the main floor.
A wrought iron is largely found in older homes which were constructed before seismic codes came into existence. Without sufficient bolting and bracing, older buildings with a cripple wall are more vulnerable to collapse during an earthquake. For this reason, it is vital to prevent such harm with the suitable seismic retrofit of the crawl area. Bracing of the cripple wall is accomplished by the use of a shear wall. A shear wall is shaped by attaching a sheet of structural grade plywood into the wooden framing of a cripple wall.
The absolute wall stiffens and strengthens the cripple wall and prevents it from collapse. Factors like the type of nail used, nail spacing, type of plywood used and the spacing of the framing affect the potency of a shear wall. For superior security, it's important for shear walls to be constructed on all the perimeter foundation of the home. However, they'll fail to protect the home from rotational motion running perpendicular to them.
When most individuals are worried about just bolting their residence, it has been seen that un-braced cripple walls are the first to fail during earthquakes. If a home is bolted to the foundation, but the cripple walls aren't braced, the cripple walls are still prone to collapse in the case of an earthquake. The correct installation of shear walls created from structural grade plywood can increase the capacity of cripple walls to withstand earthquake by a large element.
While an earthquake brace bolts seismic retrofit costs between $3,000 and $7,000, fixing the damages caused to an inadequately retrofitted house after an earthquake could cost a whole lot more. The main purpose of seismic retrofitting is to keep your home from becoming displaced from the foundation -- making the building safer and less vulnerable to some significant structural damage during an earthquake. Houses without seismic retrofitting are prone to slipping or slipping off their base during an earthquake. Pre-disaster preparedness strategies can go a long way in reducing the damages caused by an earthquake.